After three months of clashing schedules, last week I was finally able to return to #eltchat (if you don’t know what it is, please scroll to the bottom of the summary). And not only did I attend both chats (well one and three quarters, there was still a slight overlap of schedules) but overcome by my enthusiasm at being back, I also volunteered to write a summary. There must have been a lot of summary writing enthusiasm in the air that Wednesday as I was pipped at the post for the first chat and joined by Priscilla Santos (@teacher_prix) for the second. Rather than fight it out, we decided to write it together. And it was a great experience, plus a first for me. I’ve co-written texts on google docs before, but I had never used typewithme, and I had never actually coincided with my co-authors, so all the texts had been written asynchronously. This time most of the summary was written synchronously, across a 5 hour time divide, chatting and writing and editing and cutting and pasting frantically until we came up with the final product. Thank you so much, Prix. Great teamwork and great fun!
So, enough preamble – here it is, our joint summary (you can see it here as well at Prix’s blog, Messing Things Up):
#ELTChat Summary: ‘Affective’ or ‘Effective’ teaching: which shoes should we wear?
A note on the summary: this is a two-headed summary, a collaboration between someone who was there (@cerirhiannon), and someone couldn’t be, but who followed the chat on the transcript (@teacher_prix). We wrote it together on typewithme.com, both synchronously and asynchronously, across a 5 hour time zone.
Last Wednesday’s 9pm chat was a discussion of affective and effective teaching, and the relationship between the two. We touched on a whole range of issues and questions, including whether the two can actually be separated one from the other- The chat kicked off with a definition of terms, which had initially confused some chatters, and a re-casting of the opening question and moved on to discuss first affective teaching and then the relationship between affective teaching and effective learning. Towards the end quite a few big questions were raised which we didn’t really have the time or space to tackle, but which could well be put forward for other chats in the future.
In a humanist classroom for teaching to be taken as ‘effective’ the affective variable should be taken into account. As most humanistic approaches claim the learners’ feelings and reactions regarding the learning process are of crucial importance to the success (or failure) of the learning. The more we get involved with our students the closer we get to this humanistic way of teaching. What is the impact of this closer contact with our students in our teaching? How far should we get involved? Should we ever get involved?
The chat started with a definition of terms. Quite a few chatters seemed a little confused by the question:
@sandymillin My first questions is: what exactly are ‘effective’ and ‘affective’ teaching? Not really sure I know what they are! #eltchat
SOME SUGGESTED DEFINITIONS
A number of answers were offered as the chatters moved towards a working definition.
@Marisa_C Effective = it works Affective= appealing to the emotions?
@perkypawn: isn’t ‘affective’ .. what impact we have on a students life and “effective” simply doing a job efficiently ?
The emphasis moved away from effective to affective:
@pacogascon dont think the point’s highlighting ss affective needs when teaching,jst being aware of em & predicting hw they cn affect t process #eltchat
@hartle RT @Marisa_C: An encouraging teacher sees mistakes as learning opportunities
@mscro1 RT @pacogascon: affective teaching: being aware of ss differences, shy, naughty, bold, talkative and trying to balance/compensate for deficiencies
And then the chat focused back on the original question:
@Marisa_C: ‘Affective’ or ‘Effective teaching': which shoes should we wear?
There was a general consensus that there really isn’t a conflict here. Throughout the course of the chat, chatters reiterated that it was not a matter of choosing one or the other way of teaching, but that both should combine to achieve positive goals.
@esolcourses RT @Marisa_C: RT @cerirhiannon: I don’t really see a dichotomy…
@mscro1 I think we all combine effective with affective teaching
@SueAnnan surely they are both needed and not a question of either or?
@Timek: Isn’t this a false opposition? If positive affect enhances learning, then it’s a factor in effective teaching
@Raquel_EFL: I personally believe there isn’t a dichotomy…
@Marisa_C Indeed is it possible to be an effective teacher without connecting to one’s learners at the affective level as well?
@pacogascon: kind of bringing together teaching, counselling and group dynamics #eltchat
Having agreed on this basic premise, it was time to redefine the question. Sandy Millin was the first to take the chat in a new direction:
AFFECTIVE TEACHING & LEARNING
@sandymillin How would you define a learner’s affective needs?
A question which received the following responses:
@cerirhiannon how about to feel comfortable and not threatened / daunted?
@sandymillin Need for love, praise, belonging, positive self esteem, encouragement, security, acceptance…. I could go on
@cerirhiannon to feel confident that their contributions will be valued and their questions listened to
@SueAnnan to feel safe in the environment and able to make mistakes > @Marisa_C feeling safe v important
Sandy then led the chat on to another tack, asking the chatters to think about:
@sandymillin … how you ensure that you can creative an atmpsohere which takes care of your learners’ affective needs
Various suggestions were offered:
@sandymillin for YLs creating an atmosphere to cater for their aff needs would involve: praising production of lang
@janebarden affective teaching for me is ALWAYS asking the question before nominating a student to answer. This stops sts feeling so nervous
@sandymillin create a positive atmosphere in class by giving all SS time to speak/listen & try not to let SS dominate
@hartle important to make each std feel their contribution is valued and wht they say is important
@naomishema maybe the Q actually refers to the Ts having to be careful not to let emotions take over, like when there’s a S she doesn’t like?
@mscro1 have to be careful with Ss domination I agree @sandymillin
@hartle feedback activities that really foster discussion and exchange rather than simply display questions help too
EFFECTIVE TEACHING & LEARNING
The conversation then shifted to discuss effective teaching and learning.
@sandymillin what can you do to help learners work together to become more effective learners?
This last question derived a new round of definitions and discussion, with chatters listing some of the key factors in effective teaching and learning:
@Raquel_EFL What makes an effective learner and what makes an effective teacher? Just a case of Motivation?
@sandymillin An effective learner has one or more goals for their learning> @cerirhiannon realistic, achievable goals
@sandymillin Motivation key for both. Without it you get nowhere
@Marisa_C An effective learner=a good language learner – is not inhibited or shy (which means s/he feels safe in class)
@mscro1 So teachers need to be also very motivating in the class, I use a lot of demonstration to engage Ss in their work
@SueAnnan yes enthusiasm very infectious
@cerirhiannon I think patience and knowing when to take a back seat imp [for the teacher] too
@mscro1 I had one [an effective learner] during holidays, she kept asking me for more ideas to work on her glogsters- was very enthusiastic
@SueAnnan I think preparation is key [for teachers]
@sandymillin First part of effective teaching is knowing what makes an effective learner ;-)
@Timek yes, but an effective learner can learn even with an ineffective teacher.
@SueAnnan So if they’ve been taught how to be effective learners, they can cope when better when they get ineffective teachers!
Once more, as in many previous chats, chatters agreed that motivation was one of the main keys to both affective and effective learning. The links and suggestions at the bottom of the page include some useful ideas for fostering motivation in the classroom.
@Raquel_EFL I like wearing one shoe from each pair (Affective Teaching-Learning X Effective Teaching-Learning)..
and Marisa’s parting tweet closed the chat on a very positive note.
@Marisa_C @Raquel_EFL Hope ur shoes shine bright in the affective glow of your classes :-)
[A final apology to everyone who took part: the chat was a little bit difficult to follow at times, both on twitter and in the transcripts, please let us know if we left anything out.]
LINKS, SUGGESTIONS AND FURTHER READING
@Marisa_C Can I suggest a great book for improving Classroom Dynamics by Jill Hadfield? I love this book #ELTchat
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If you have never participated in an #ELTchat discussion, these take place twice a day every Wednesday on Twitter at 12pm GMT and 9pm GMT. Over 400 educators participate in this discussion by just adding #edchat to their tweets. For tips on participating in the discussion, please check out this video, Using Tweetdeck for Hashtag Discussions.